How to find the intersection (same values) from two arrays?

PHP: How to find the intersection (same values) from two arrays?

If you have two (or more) arrays with various values, how do you find the values from the 1st array that are also in the 2nd (and others) array? Use the intersect functions.

PHP has a nice collection of array functions - one of which is array_intersect. You can use it to solve this problem.

  1.        $array1 = ['apple','banana','grape','orange'];
  2. $array2 = ['cake', 'apple', 'toast', ];
  3.  
  4. $vals_in_both_arrays =  array_intersect($array1,$array2);

Which outputs an array with the single item in both arrays: ['apple'].


What if you need to compare the keys and values?

Then use array_intersect_assoc() which will compare both keys and values.

  1.  $array1 = ["aa" => "a",
  2.                     "bb" => "b",
  3.                     "cc" => "c",
  4.                     "dd" => "d"
  5.                 ];
  6.  
  7.         $array2 = [
  8.  
  9.             "dd" =>"d", // same as above
  10.             "foo" => "bar",
  11.             "bb" => "not_b",
  12.             "cc" => "c", //same as above
  13.             "aa" => "not_a",
  14.  
  15.  
  16.             ];
  17.  
  18.  
  19.         $same = (array_intersect_assoc($array1,$array2));
array:2 [
  "cc" => "c"
  "dd" => "d"
]

If you just want to compare the keys, then use array_intersect_keys().

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I am a 29 year old backend web developer from London, mostly focusing on PHP and Laravel lately. This (webdevetc.com) is my blog where I write about some web development topics (PHP, Laravel, Javascript, and some server stuff). contact me here.



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